Some pretty questionable political entities have been talking of the parliament and constitution lately. Barring a few exceptions almost all such talk is shrouded in rhetoric and completely bereft of facts. And it seems that those better at rhetoric succeed in creating a favourable impression about themselves and their party.

It is always better to list all that is available on record and let facts speak for themselves. There are many people who have lived through such events, like the emergency. There are many who have seen the constitution being subverted in their state like the recent set of events in Karnataka. This open thread seeks to reach out to all those who have seen this happen and also to all those who know such instances. Please pitch in with all that you know in the comments section. It is open to all. Please list the event by date, location, who or which party was alleged of subverting the constitution and what was the result in terms of the impact and how it shaped the subsequent course of our democracy. References are highly recommended and will add credibility when listing such events. Your contributions will help me in collating facts and listing them for readers so they can make up their own mind rather than fall for high decibel rhetoric. It will also help validate or invalidate political rhetoric. So please pitch in.

Update: Sep 26, 2011.

List of your contributions so far –

 

 

No

Event

Date

Contributor

1

Emergency. Article 352 misuse by Indira Gandhi.

1975

 

2

Emergency. Articles 14, 19, 21 and 22 suspended by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed curtailing citizen's fundamental rights.

1975

 

3

38th amendment which barred judicial review of the presidential proclamation and the laws made by a discredited Government in contravention of the fundamental rights.

1975

 

4

39th amendment which barred the Supreme Court from hearing the election petition against the Prime Minister.

1975

 

5

Article 356 violation. Newly elected Janata Party dismissed all Cong State Governments on the basis that 'they lacked people's mandate.' Janata Party / its ally CPM won all the state elections held subsequently.

1977

Girish L

6

42/44th amendments. Provided primacy to Directive Principles over Fundamental Rights (later struck down by Supreme Court). And coming up with a Uniform Civil Code is a Directive Principle!

1977

Girish L

7

Article 356 violation. Congress which won LS elections did the same. It won in all states except Tamil Nadu. But interestingly Cong and DMK LS MPs in TN did not resign!

1980

Girish L

8

Article 356 violation. Governor Ram Lal in AP. Engineered by Congress chiefly by their then General Secretary Rajiv Gandhi. Final outcome: Assembly dissolved and people stepped in with a mandate for propriety.

1984

Girish L

9

Article 356 violation. Governor Jagmohan in Kashmir. Engineered by Congress, also by their then General Secretary Rajiv Gandhi.

1984

Girish L

10

Article 356 violation. Congress dismissed Karnataka govt of Janata Party. But lost the election to the state assembly. Again Cong MPs from Karnataka did not resign.

1985

Girish L

11

Article 356 violation. Governor Romesh Bhandari in UP. Suo Moto intervention by Governor, hoping profit Congress / pro Congress forces. Failed – as President KR Narayanan intervened to correct damage.

1998

Girish L

12

National Advisory Council – I

2004

K V Sarma J

13

Kerala assembly resolution to release Abdul Nasser Madani accused of 1998 Coinbatore bomb blasts.

2005

Rohini Murlikumar

14

National Advisory Council – II

2010

K V Sarma J

15

Land Swap with Bangladesh

2011

Manohar Seetharam

16

Governor Bharadwaj in Karnataka. Precipitated crisis in the state by trying to topple the government.

2011

 

17

Governor Kamala Beniwal in Gujarat. Appointed Lokayukta bypassing the Chief Minister and state government.

2011

 

 

 

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